Lenovo ThinkSystem Servers Continue to Lead the Industry in Performance and Customer ValuePositioning Information

Abstract

Lenovo ThinkSystem servers continue to dominate the benchmarks for data center performance with a total of 224 current world record benchmark results spanning a wide range of industry benchmarks. This total includes 17 world records set on systems equipped with third-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processors, 118 world records for servers equipped with second-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processors, 74 records set by servers running second-generation AMD EPYC processors, 12 using first-generation Xeon Scalable processor and another 3 using the Intel Xeon E processor.

These results are current as of November 1, 2020. They were achieved with systems ranging from single-socket (1S) to eight-socket (8S) and workloads ranging from general business applications and infrastructure to Big Data/Analytics, software development/testing/ AI and engineering/technical computing.

Change History

Changes in the November 18 update:

  • Number of world records increased from 200 to 224
  • Added new world records
    • SR860 V2
    • SR670
    • SE350
  • Removed superseded results

Introduction

For many customers, the performance of their servers is paramount, and as a result Lenovo strives to design its systems to maximize performance. The proof points to show the success we have achieved doing this are the #1 benchmarks we have achieved. We produce systems that cater across all workloads that our customers require, achieving #1 benchmarks across a broad range of applications types. We currently hold an incredible total of 224 world records for performance.

This number consists of 17 #1 results set on systems equipped with third-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processors, 118 with second-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processors, 74 using second-generation AMD EPYC processors, 12 using first-generation Xeon Scalable processors, and 3 using the Intel Xeon E processor (as of November 1, 2020).

These results were achieved on a wide variety of workloads that include Applications, Data Management, Application Development and Testing, Infrastructure, and Engineering/Technical computing. Lenovo achieved these world-records across multiple ThinkSystem platforms ranging from single-socket to 8-socket, spanning Intel and AMD architectures. This demonstrates Lenovo's ability to design systems that create value for customers across architectures, workloads, and industries.

Many of the latest world record benchmark results were set by ThinkSystem SR950, SR670 and SR650 rack servers that incorporate the new second-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processors. They offer increased performance over the first generation processors, as well as support for faster 2933 MHz TruDDR4 memory. These servers also support Intel Optane DC persistent memory, which is designed specifically for data center workloads. Optane DC offers a new, flexible tier of memory that creates an unprecedented combination of high-capacity, affordability, and persistence.

Other #1 benchmark results were achieved by ThinkSystem SR665, SR655, SR645, and rack servers using second-generation AMD EPYC processors. The SR665 (2-socket) and SR655 (1-socket) are Lenovo's newest 2U rack servers. The SR645 (2S) is one of the newest 1U rack servers we have. AMD EPYC 7002 Series processors offer up to 64 cores each and 128 PCIe Gen 4 lanes, making them ideal for compute-intensive and I/O-intensive applications.

Additional #1 results were achieved using Lenovo SR850, SN850, SN550, and SD530 servers equipped with second-generation Intel Xeon Scalable Family processors, as well as the SR250 and ST250, that use the Intel Xeon E processor. As well as the HX7821 and SE350 with the Xeon SP first generation processor.

Debuting on this month´s benchmark report is server SR860 V2 that has attained 17 new records, this is a 4U server that has highlights in areas of high memory, scalability, storage, GPUs and reliability.

While specific ThinkSystem models were used for these benchmark tests, much of the same technology and attention to detail is prevalent throughout the ThinkSystem product line, providing exceptional performance and reliability across the product line.

This article summarizes the outstanding performance of the world record ThinkSystem servers.

Applications — 31 Current World Records

Lenovo ThinkSystem SR950, SR665, SR655, SR645, and SR250 servers achieved 31 current world records in benchmarks designed to test system performance across a range of application workload types. Application types include Collaboration, Enterprise Resource Management, Supply Chain, Customer Resource Management, and other typical data center applications.

SAP Sales and Distribution (SAP SD 2T) Benchmark

The 1 ThinkSystem world record result on the SAP Sales and Distribution Benchmark is:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR950 (1 current world record):

  • 4-Socket (Windows)

About this benchmark: SAP Sales and Distribution (SD) Standard Application Benchmarks test the hardware and database performance of SAP applications and components. SAP Application Performance Standard (SAPS) is a hardware-independent unit of measurement that describes the performance of a system in creating the order, creating a delivery note for the order, displaying the order, changing the delivery, posting a goods issue, listing orders, and creating an invoice.

Why it matters: If you are running SAP Business Suite applications, a leadership benchmark score means this system is the highest-performing server in the industry for processing your business transaction workflows in an SAP environment.

SPEC CPU 2017 Benchmark

The 30 ThinkSystem world record results on the SPEC CPU 2017 and SPEC CPU 2006* benchmarks include:

SPEC CPU 2017 Performance

ThinkSystem SR950:

  • 8-Socket — 2 current world records
  • 6-Socket — 1 current world record
  • 3-Socket — 4 current world records

ThinkSystem SR665:

  • 2-Socket — 6 current world records

ThinkSystem SR645:

  • 2-Socket — 6 current world records 

ThinkSystem SR655:

  • 1-Socket —  current world records

ThinkSystem SR250:

  • 1-Socket — 2 current world records

ThinkSystem ST250:
•    1 Socket – 1 current world record

 

About this benchmark: SPEC CPU 2017 contains SPEC's next-generation, industry-standardized, CPU intensive suites for measuring and comparing compute intensive-performance, stressing a system's processor, memory subsystem and compiler. CPU 2017 has 43 sub-benchmarks, organized into four suites. SPEC designed these suites to provide a comparative measure of compute-intensive performance across the widest practical range of hardware using workloads developed from real user applications. 

Why it matters: If you are running compute-intensive workloads, a world-record benchmark score means this server is the highest performing server in its class in terms of how fast a server completes a CPU-intensive task (speed) and/or how much a server can accomplish in a certain amount of time (throughput or rate measurement).

Data Management — 74 Current World Records

Lenovo ThinkSystem SR860 V2, SR950 and SR650 servers delivered 74 current world records on benchmarks designed to test the performance of servers performing Structured Data Management analysis, Structured Data Analytics, and Unstructured Data Analytics.

SAP HANA (BWoH) Benchmark

The 16 ThinkSystem world record results on the HANA BWoH benchmark in a single-node setup include:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR950:

  • 4-Socket (1.3B  and 2.6B Records v1*) — 6 current world records
  • 4-Socket (10.4B Records v3) — 3 current world records

ThinkAgile HX7821:

  • 4 Socket – 3 current world records

ThinkSystem SR860 V2

  • 4 Socket (1.3B Records v3) – 3 current world records
  • 4 Socket (5.2B Records v3) – 3 current world records

About this benchmark: The SAP BW Edition for SAP HANA (BW/4HANA) Standard Application Benchmark is the latest addition to the list of SAP BW benchmarks and goes well beyond the scope and features used in the BW-AML benchmark. The benchmark is designed to fully utilize the new capabilities of SAP HANA to process the benchmark workload. The benchmark consists of three phases: data load, query throughput, and query runtime.

* The current SAP BW edition for SAP HANA benchmark is version 3. Existing v1 and v2 results are still valid; however, SAP will no longer accept new benchmark results for versions v1 and v2.

Why it matters: If you are running SAP HANA, a #1 benchmark score means this server is the highest performing server in its class for processing SAP HANA memory-intensive database and analytics workloads.

STAC-M3 and STAC-T0 Benchmarks

The 49 ThinkSystem world record results on the STAC-M3 and STAC-T0 benchmarks include:

STAC-M3

ThinkSystem SR950 (33 current world records):

  • 4-Socket (9 Antuco suite)
  • 4-Socket (16 Shasta suite)
  • 4-Socket (8 Kanaga suite, with a two-year data set size)

ThinkSystem SR650 (15 current world records):

  • 2-Socket (Antuco suite)

STAC-T0

ThinkSystem SR665 (1 current world record):

  • 2-Socket

About this benchmark: The STAC-M3 Benchmark suite is the industry standard for testing solutions that enable high-speed analytics on time series data. The STAC-M3 benchmarks measures challenging areas such as time-series analytics, risk simulations, and processing of very-high-speed data. The key metric is query response time. In particular, STAC benchmarks test high-speed analytics on time-series data — tick-by-tick market data. The benchmark is used by large global banks, brokerage houses, exchanges, hedge funds, proprietary trading shops, and other market participants.

Why it matters: If you are running high-speed financial services or securities workloads, a #1 benchmark score means this server is the highest performing server in its class for processing high-speed analytics and financial transactions.

TPC-E Benchmark

The 5 ThinkSystem world record results on the TPC-E benchmark include:

TPC-E Performance

ThinkSystem SR950 (1 current world record):

  • 4-Socket

ThinkSystem SR650 (1 current world record):

  • 2-Socket

ThinkSystem SR655 (1 current world record):

  • 1-Socket

TPC-E Price/Performance

ThinkSystem SR950 (1 current world record): 

  • 4-Socket

ThinkSystem SR655 (1 current world record):

  • 1-Socket

About this benchmark: The TPC-E benchmark is designed to enable users to more objectively measure and compare the performance and price of various OLTP systems. The TPC-E benchmark uses a database to model a brokerage firm with customers who generate transactions related to trades, account inquiries, and market research. Although the underlying business model of TPC-E is that of a brokerage firm, the database schema, data population, transactions, and implementation rules have been designed to be broadly representative of modern OLTP systems in general.

Why it matters: If you are running On-Line Transaction Processing (OLTP) or decision-support workloads and databases, a #1 benchmark score means this server is the highest-performing server in its class for data-intensive OLTP transactions and data-intensive queries.

TPC-x BB

The 2 ThinkSystem world record results on the TPC-x BB benchmark:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR650 (current world records at SF30000):

  • 2-Socket (36+3 nodes)

About this benchmark: The TPCx-BB Express Benchmark BB (TPCx-BB) measures the hardware and software performance of systems running Hadoop. It runs 30 frequently performed analytical queries in the manner of retailers with physical and online store presences. It uses machine learning algorithms for semi-structured and unstructured data queries, and SQL queries for structured data. 

Why it matters: If your data center runs Hadoop, a world-record benchmark score means the system is the highest performing server in its class for complex Big Data processing needs.

Application Development & Testing — 42 Current World Records

Lenovo ThinkSystem SR950, SR665, and SR655, and SR645 servers hold 42 current world records in benchmarks designed to test server performance in a Java development and testing environment.

SPECjbb2015

The 42 ThinkSystem world record results on the SPECjbb2015 benchmark include:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR950:

  • 8-Socket — 6 current world records (4 Linux / 2 Windows)
  • 6-Socket — 6 current world records (4 Linux / 2 Windows)
  • 4-Socket — 4 current world records (Linux)
  • 3-Socket — 6 current world records (Linux)

ThinkSystem SR665:

  • 2-Socket — 7 current world record (4 Linux / 3 Windows)

ThinkSystem SR655:

  • 1-Socket — 12 current world record (6 Linux / 6 Windows)

ThinkSystem SR645:

  • 2-Socket — 1 current world record (Windows)

About this benchmark: The SPECjbb 2015 benchmark has been developed from the ground up to measure performance based on the latest Java application features. It is relevant to all audiences interested in Java server performance, including JVM vendors, hardware developers, Java application developers, researchers and members of the academic community.

Why it matters: If you are interested Java server performance, a world-record benchmark score means this server is the highest performing server in its class for Java application response time and throughput needs.

Infrastructure — 25 Current World Records

Lenovo ThinkSystem SR950, SR850, SR655, SR650, SR645, SN850, SN550, and SD530 servers earned 25 current world records on benchmarks designed to test the performance of servers utilized in an IT/Web infrastructure/AI role. Workload types include Networking, Systems Management, Virtual Desktop, File & Print, Media Streaming, and Web Serving.

SPEC Power

The 14 ThinkSystem world record results on the SPECpower_ssj2008 benchmark include:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR950 (current world records):

  • 8-Socket (1 Linux / 1 Windows)

ThinkSystem SR850 (1 current world record):

  • 4-Socket (Linux)

ThinkSystem SN850 (current world records):

  • 4-Socket/7-node (4S/7N, 1 Linux, 1 Windows)

ThinkSystem SN550 (1 current world record):

  • 14-node (14N, Windows)

ThinkSystem SD530 (2 current world records):

  • 2-Socket/4-node (2S/4N, 1 Linux / 1 Windows)

ThinkSystem SR665 (2 current world records):

  • 2-Socket/2U (1 Linux / 1 Windows)

ThinkSystem SR645 (2 current world records):

  • 2-Socket/1U (1 Linux / 1 Windows)

ThinkSystem SR655 (2 current world record):

  • 1-Socket (Linux)

About this benchmark: The SPECpower_ssj 2008 benchmark suite measures the power and performance characteristics of server-class computer equipment. It is used to compare power and performance among different servers and serves as a tool set for use in improving server efficiency.

Why it matters: The IT industry, computer manufacturers, and governments are increasingly concerned with the energy use of servers. This benchmark provides a means to measure power (at the AC input) in conjunction with a performance metric. This helps IT managers consider power characteristics along with other selection criteria to increase the efficiency of data centers. For those concerned about energy savings, a world-record benchmark score means the server provides the best performance in its class relative to power consumption.

SPEC VIRT_SC 2013

The ThinkSystem world record results on the SPEC virt_sc 2013 benchmark include:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR950 (2 current world records):

  • 8-Socket
  • 4-Socket

Performance-per-watt

ThinkSystem SR950 (2 current world records):

  • 8-Socket
  • 4-Socket

ThinkSystem SR650 (1 current world record):

  • 2-Socket

Server Performance-per-watt

ThinkSystem SR950 (2 current world records):

  • 8-Socket
  • 4-Socket

ThinkSystem SR650 (1 current world record):

  • 2-Socket

About this benchmark: The SPEC virt_sc 2013 benchmark measures the end-to-end performance of all system components including the hardware, virtualization platform, and the virtualized guest operating system and application software. SPEC virt_sc 2013 is the second-generation SPEC VIRT benchmark for evaluating the virtualization performance of datacenter server consolidation, including enterprise-class workloads.

Why it matters: If you virtualize multiple workloads, a world-record benchmark score means this system is the highest performing server in its class for memory-intensive virtualized environments.

VMmark 3.1

The 1 ThinkSystem world record result on the VMmark 3.1 benchmark:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR655 (1 current world record):

  • 1-Socket/2-node (1S/2N)

About this benchmark: The VMmark 3.1 benchmark measures the performance, scalability, and power consumption of multi-server virtualization platforms. It tests using real-world complex workloads, such as clone and deploy, virtual machine migration, storage migration operations, shared nothing migration, and snapshotting, as well as traditional application-level workloads.

Why it matters: Knowing how effectively and efficiently your servers operate is essential to maximizing performance and scalability while reducing energy costs. A world-record benchmark score means a system is the highest performing server in its class for cloud, OLTP, and other virtualization platform workloads.

TPC-x IoT

The 2 ThinkSystem world record results on the TPC-x IoT benchmark include:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR655 (1 current world record):

  • 1-Socket (4+1 nodes)

Price/Performance

ThinkSystem SR655 (1 current world record):

  • 1-Socket (4+1 nodes)

About this benchmark: The TPCx-IoT benchmark enables direct comparison of different software and hardware solutions for IoT gateways. TPCx-IoT measures the performance, price/performance, and availability IoT gateway systems that receive vast quantities of data from many devices and run real-time analytic queries on that data. The benchmark workload represents typical IoT gateway systems running on standard hardware and software platforms.  

Why it matters: If you gather and process massive amounts of data via IoT devices and need to perform real-time analysis of that data, a world-record benchmark score means the system is the highest performing server in its class for performing analytic queries on IoT data.

Engineering/Technical — 37 Current World Records

Lenovo ThinkSystem SR950, SR860 V2, SR665, SR655 and SR650 servers earned 37 current world records in benchmarks designed to test a system's performance running various Engineering/Technical/HPC workloads.

SPEC OMP 2012

The ThinkSystem world record results on the SPEC OMP 2012 benchmark include:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR950 (1 current world record):

  • 3-Socket

 ThinkSystem SR860 V2 (1 current world record)
•    4-Socket

ThinkSystem SR665 (1 current world record):

  • 2-Socket

ThinkSystem SR655 (1 current world record):

  • 1-Socket

About this benchmark: The SPECompG 2012 benchmark is designed for measuring performance using applications based on the OpenMP 3.1 standard for shared-memory parallel processing. The benchmark includes 14 scientific and engineering application codes, covering everything from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to molecular modeling to image manipulation.

Why it matters: If you are running scientific or engineering applications, a leadership benchmark score means this system is the highest performing server in its class for these workloads.

SPECmpiM 2007

The 21 ThinkSystem world record results on the SPECmpiM 2007 benchmark include:

Performance

ThinkSystem SR950 (3 current world records):

  • 8-Socket (Medium Metric 1-node)
  • 6-Socket (Medium Metric 1-node)
  • 3-Socket (Medium Metric 1-node)

ThinkSystem SR860 V2 (4 current world records)

  • 4-Socket (Medium Metric 1-node) 
  • 4-Socket (Medium Metric1-node)
  • 4-Socket (Large Metric 1-node)
  • 4 Socket (Large Metric 1-node)

ThinkSystem SR665 (11 current world records):

  • 2-Socket (Large Metric 6-node 33.1)
  • 2-Socket (Large Metric 5-node 29.1)
  • 2-Socket (Large Metric 4-node 24.8)
  • 2-Socket (Large Metric 3-node 18.9)
  • 2-Socket (Large Metric 2-node 13.6)
  • 2-Socket (Large Metric 1-node 6.02)
  • 2-Socket (Medium Metric 6-node 74.0)
  • 2-Socket (Medium Metric 5-node 71.4)
  • 2-Socket (Medium Metric 3-node 60.4)
  • 2-Socket (Medium Metric 2-node 52.1)
  • 2-Socket (Medium Metric 1-node 34.1)

ThinkSystem SR655 (3 current world records):

  • 1-Socket (Large Metric 2-node)
  • 1-Socket (Large Metric 1-node)
  • 1-Socket (Medium Metric 1 node)

About this benchmark: The SPECmpiM 2007 benchmark suite is used to evaluate MPI-parallel, floating point, compute-intensive performance across a wide range of cluster and SMP hardware. This suite gives users the most objective and representative benchmark suite for measuring and comparing high-performance computer systems.

Why it matters: If you are running compute-intensive technical workloads, a leadership benchmark score means this server is the highest performing server in its class, taking into account the CPUs, MPI library, communication interconnect, memory architecture, compilers, and file system performance.

SPEC ACCEL

The 12 ThinkSystem world record results on the SPEC ACCEL benchmark include:

ThinkSystem SR665 (5 current world records):

  • 2-Socket/1-Node (2S/1N) 3 records
  • 1-Socket/1-Node (1S/1N) 2 records

ThinkSystem SR655 (1 current world record):

  • 1-Socket/1-Node (1S/1N)

Think System SR860 V2 (6 records)

  • SR860V2 4S (1 record)
  • SR860V2 4S (1 record)
  • SR860V2 4S (1 record)
  • SR860V2 4S (1 record)
  • SR860V2 4S (1 record)
  • SR860V2 4S (1 record)
     

About this benchmark: The SPEC ACCEL benchmark suite tests performance with computationally intensive parallel applications running under the OpenCL, OpenACC, and OpenMP 4 target offloading APIs. The suite exercises the performance of the accelerator, host CPU, memory transfer between host and accelerator, support libraries and drivers, and compilers.

Why it matters: If you are running servers with accelerators (GPUs, coprocessors), a #1 benchmark score means a solution incorporating this server (equipped with a specific accelerator and supporting software) is the highest performing solution in its class.

MLPerf

Lenovo ThinkSystem SR670 and SE350 servers delivered 15 current world records on MLPerf Inference v0.7 benchmarks designed to test Artificial Intelligence inference performance, that is, to measure how fast systems can process inputs and produce results using a trained model.

MLPerf is a consortium of industry-leading Artificial Intelligence organizations who share the goal of creating fair and meaningful benchmarks for measuring performance of Machine Learning hardware, software and services. Due to it’s extensive support, MLPerf is fast becoming the machine learning benchmark of choice for the industry.

The world record results on the MLPerf benchmark include:

ThinkSystem SR670 

  • 2 processors, 4 NVIDIA A100-PCIe GPUs (6 world records)
    • Medical Imaging task, 99.0% Accuracy, Offline Scenario
    • Medical Imaging task, 99.9% Accuracy Offline Scenario
    • Speech-to-text task, 99.0% Accuracy Offline Scenario
    • NLP task, 99.9% Accuracy, Server Scenario
    • Recommendation task, 99.0% Accuracy, Server Scenario
    • Recommendation task, 99.9% Accuracy ,Server Scenario

ThinkSystem SE350

  • 1 processor,  1 NVIDIA T4 (9 world records)
    • Medical Imaging task,  BraTS 2019 dataset, 3D-UNet model, 99% accuracy target, SingleStream scenario
    • Medical Imaging task,  BraTS 2019 dataset, 3D-UNet model, 99% accuracy target, Offline scenario
    • Medical Imaging task,  BraTS 2019 dataset, 3D-UNet model, 99.9% accuracy target, SingleStream  scenario
    • Medical Imaging task,  BraTS 2019 dataset, 3D-UNet model, 99.9% accuracy target, Offline scenario
    • Image Classification task, ImageNet dataset, ResNet model, 99% accuracy, Multiple Stream scenario
    • Speech-to -text task, Librispeech dataset, RNN-T model, 99% accuracy, Single Stream scenario
    • Object detection (large) task, COCO dataset, SSD-Large model, 99% accuracy, Multiple Stream scenario
    • Object detection (small) task, COCO dataset, SSD-small model, 99% accuracy, Multiple Stream scenario
    • Object detection (small) task, COCO dataset, SSD-small model, 99% accuracy, Single Stream scenario
       

About this benchmark: The MLPerf inference benchmark measures how fast a system can perform machine learning (ML) inference using a trained model. The MLPerf inference benchmark is intended for a wide range of systems from mobile devices to servers. MLPerf Inference is a benchmark suite for measuring how fast systems can process inputs and produce results using a trained model.

Why it matters: If you are running machine learning (ML) or artificial intelligence (AI) workloads using trained models, a #1 benchmark score means this server is the highest performing server in its class for how fast systems can train models to a target quality metric.

Conclusion

The portfolio of Lenovo ThinkSystem servers continues its dominance of data center performance, with 224 world record benchmarks (as of November 1, 2020). This outstanding performance was achieved across multiple configurations and a variety of workloads and industry benchmarks.

To learn more about ThinkSystem servers, go to https://www.lenovo.com/servers.

Performance Benchmark Reports

Each ThinkSystem benchmark has a Lenovo Performance Benchmark Report. These Performance Benchmark Reports detail the specific benchmark, benchmark result, and hardware/software configuration used for that benchmark result. The reports also provide a link to the specific benchmark results page (e.g., SPEC, TPC, SAP, etc.). View all Performance Benchmark Reports.

The following Lenovo ThinkSystem benchmark world records are current as of November 1, 2020.

SAP SD 2T

SAP BWoH

1 The current SAP BW edition for SAP HANA benchmark is version 3. SAP will no longer accept new benchmark results for versions 1 and 2.

TPC-E

SPECvirt_sc2013

Performance

Performance Per Watt

Server Performance Per Watt

VMmark 3.1

SPEC CPU 2017

SPECpower_ssj2008

STAC-M3

STAC-T0

TPCx-IOT

TPCx-BB

  • SR650 2S 36+3 nodes - http://www.tpc.org/3512 (2 world records for performance @ SF30000; fence claim by Software = Cloudera and 78 CPUs)

SPEC ACCEL

SPEC OMP2012

SPEC MPI2007

SPECjbb2015 (Linux)

SPECjbb2015 (Windows)

MLPerf

Trademarks

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The following terms are trademarks of Lenovo in the United States, other countries, or both:
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ThinkAgile
ThinkSystem
TruDDR4

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Intel®, Intel Optane™, and Xeon® are trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries.

Linux® is the trademark of Linus Torvalds in the U.S. and other countries.

Windows® is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.

TPC and TPC-E are trademarks of Transaction Processing Performance Council.

SPEC®, SPEC ACCEL®, SPEC CPU®, SPEC MPI®, SPEC OMP®, SPEC Power®, SPEC VIRT_SC®, SPEC VIRT®, SPECjbb®, and SPECpower_ssj® are trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC).

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